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Spain

Once you have your visa, you will have to get a Spanish ID and identification number (called NIE) at a local police station in Madrid in order to be in compliance with all legal requirements. In the eyes of the Spanish government, the visa alone does not make you a legal resident, your ID and NIE do. You can learn more about the ID application process in the guide’s NIE and Residency section.

Although it is not required, it is wise to apply for your Certificado de Empadronamiento. This is a form of local registration, and everyone in Spain (citizen or resident) should be registered in their municipal district. The …