There are no vaccinations that you are required to have in order to live in Spain. However, a tetanus vaccine is advised if you are going to be in contact with nature.
The Spanish authorities have the power to submit you to a physical examination to ensure that you are not suffering from any illness that requires quarantine under the International Health Regulations, but this is exceptionally rare.
The flu strand H1N1, Swine flu, or Gripe A as it is called in Spain, has affected Spain more than any other country in Europe, with the exception of the UK, in terms of casualties. However, the risk rate of contracting the disease is low, and for a healthy adult, fatality is even lower. You should not worry about Gripe A, just ensure that you follow the following health advice:
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing and sneezing.
- Throw the tissue away quickly and carefully.
- Wash your hands regularly with soap and water.
- Clean hard surfaces (like door handles and remote controls) frequently with a normal cleaning product.
The following groups of people are encouraged to pay special attention to any flu-like symptoms and to telephone the Gripe A helpline:
- You have a serious underlying illness
- You are pregnant
- You have a sick child under one year old
- Your condition suddenly gets much worse
- Your condition is still getting worse after seven days (five for a child)
Gripe A Helpline: 902 58 50 21