There are no special vaccinations required for Germany, although it is always advisable to make sure that you are up-to-date on the standard shots. The diseases below may be a risk in all or parts of the country and are presented alphabetically:
BIRD & SWINE FLU
The risk to humans is believed to be very low.
Hepatitis A is a viral disease that causes inflammation of the liver.
Risk assessment: Low
Hepatitis B is a viral disease that causes inflammation of the liver and may lead to chronic complications.
Risk assessment: Low in most cases. Healthcare workers are at higher risk.
Rabies is a neurological disease caused by viruses of the Lyssavirus genus.
Risk assessment: Risk of exposure increases by type of activity (e.g. running, cycling), occupation (e.g. veterinarians) and longer duration of stay. Children are at increased risk as they are less likely to avoid contact with animals and to report a bite or lick.
Tetanus is caused by a toxin released from Clostridium tetani bacteria.
Risk assessment: Tetanus bacteria are found worldwide.
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a viral disease affecting the central nervous system.
Risk assessment: The transmission season varies, however, ticks are most active during early spring to late autumn (March to November).