Overall taxation in Russia may seem high or low to you, depending on your home country.
The two most noticeable taxes in Russia, for private individuals, are income tax and VAT.
Russian income tax is a flat 13% for those with tax residency in Russia (defined as spending 183 days or more in a calendar year). Expatriates who spend less than 183 days per calendar year in Russia must pay 30% income tax on any income from sources in Russia.
Standard VAT is 18%; while food, magazines, and other items may be taxed at 10%. VAT is included in the labeled price.
There are also extensive social taxes for healthcare and pensions; however, the bulk of these is paid by the employer (not the employee).