Trains and buses are by far the most common means of public transport within Sydney. They are highly integrated and many exchange points for buses are located at railway stations and interlinking is common. The trains range in quality from older trains to new air conditioned trains. They are very safe and all trains have train guards at night who patrol the cars. There are 307 train stations in Sydney.
To buy tickets, you can buy them at the train station, or since April 2010 you can use a MY ZONE transport pass which includes usage of trains, buses and ferries. A single fare for 0-10 kilometers is $3.60, a montly pass is $98 and the yearly pass is $1080. For complete fare information, visit http://www.131500.com.au/tickets/fares/fares. There is generally an ideal pass for each individual passenger, including single rides and day passes, as well as weekly, monthly and yearly options, as well.
You must use a ticket to enter the train station, and then use it again to leave the station at the other end via turnstiles. If asked to show your ticket on the train, then you must present it.
All information required to take buses, trains or ferries in Sydney can be found at http://www.131500.com.au. This includes trip planning, timetables and up to date delays and scheduling changes.
To use trains to get in and out of Sydney then the Country Trains start and end at Central Station, which is located in the city. You can catch a country train to many other cities and towns in New South Wales, the Australian Captital Territory, Victoria and South East Queensland. Travelling by train is a good alternative for shorter trips to the country, or the east or south coasts. Unlike coaches you can roam around the cabin. An adult fare to Bathurst which is a country town in central NSW will cost you $32.
NSW TrainLink http://www.nswtrainlink.info
Because of the vast distances between cities in Australia, mostly residents choose to fly between the larger cities.