Madrid preview


Madrid is an ancient city, although remnants of its ancient past are hard to find. Its origins date back to the ninth century, when the Muslim emir Mohamed I ordered construction of a fortress along the Manzanares River. Now all that is left of Madrid’s Muslim past are the fort’s ruins.

In 1083, Madrid and its surroundings were conquered by the Catholic King Alfonso VI, but the city did not become the capital of Spain until 1561, when King Phillip II relocated his court from the nearby ancient city of Toledo to Madrid. Kings Phillip III & Phillip IV expanded and beautified the city during their reigns, but it was King Charles III, dubbed “The Mayor of Madrid,” who really enabled the city to flourish.

It was under Kin…