Hanoi preview


Hanoi is a bustling metropolis at a bend in the Red River a hundred kilometers inland from the Gulf of Tonkin. Human settlement in Hanoi dates back 2500 years, and traces of ancient times still remain amid the modern development of the city. The Chinese colonized north Vietnam for a thousand years, until driven out in the eleventh century A.D., and Chinese influence is visible in architecture and in monuments such as the Temple of Literature, a Confucian temple that is more than a thousand years old. The name “Hanoi” comes from the Chinese name “He Nei,” meaning “within the river.”

The French ruled Vietnam from 1862 till the end of World War II, when the French-Indochina war began, with Ho Chi Minh’s struggle for independence. The system of writing Vietnamese with the Roman alphabet cam…